You feel pain in the urethra. You should read this article. Here you will find about pain in the urethra, causes and risk factors. Pain in the urethra can occur by itself or it can be associated with other symptoms. The pain could be mild or severe, acute or chronic. Pain in the urethra could be caused by an infection, trauma, or something blocking the urinary tract. Treatment of a possible infection may decrease the risk of further pain. If you feel pain as the urine passes trough your urethra (the canal that carries urine from bladder), your urethra must be inflamed. If your urethra is inflamed, the condition is called urethritis. Every sexually active man or a woman carry potential risks for urethritis. You should know that if you changed some of your habits you could significantly decrease your risk factor for urethritis. If you already feel pain in the urethra, the most important for you is to get an early diagnosis. You should understand the cause of your infection, and follow your the treatment program to prevent the infection from returning.
Causes & Risk factors
The most common cause of pain in urethra is urinary infection. Urinary infection isn’t the one cause of pain in the urethra. There is a list of possible causes of pain in urethra and pain when you urinate:
- Urinary tract infection;
- Trauma to the urinary tract;
- Contact dermatitis or vulvitis;
- Inflammation to any part of the urinary tract;
- Interstitial cystitis;
- Vaginal infection;
- Radiation cystitis;
- Sexually transmitted diseases;
- Chemical irritation, such as from soaps;
- Urinary retention;
- Autoimmune disorders;
- Certain medications;
- Tumors or cancer of any part of the urinary tract;
After the cold, urinary tract infections are the most common infections which affect women and men. They are usually caused by bacteria. Bacteria are microscopic agents that can invade just about any part of your urinary tract. Bacteria usually come from the rectum, where they occur naturally, and spread to the vagina and the urethra. They could travel into your system from outside the body, move up your urinary tract, multiply, and infect a specific organ. Urinary tract infections occur more in woman than men simply because of their anatomy. About half of all women will develop urinary tract infections during their lifetimes, and many women will experience more than one. Some women get these infections over and over again. The urethra, which carries urine from the bladder outside the body, is shorter in women. Bacteria travel easily from outside the body into the urinary tract in women.
Sexual intercourse and bad personal hygiene can help bacteria travel into the urethra. Some women have an urinary tract with a low resistance to bacteria. So, they have more often urinary infection. There are other causes of urinary infection. Those causes include overstretching of the bladder, lack of cleanliness when doing catheterization and urine left in the bladder (incomplete voiding). Menopause can also cause changes in vaginal bacteria that increase risk of urinary tract infection. If you think that your urinary tract infection is caused by changes in menopause you should talk with your doctor about estrogen replacement therapy.
Inflammation of the urethra is usually caused by a sexually transmitted infection.
Urethritis can also be caused by chemical irritants such as perfumed feminine hygiene products, soap, sanitary napkins, spermicidal foams and jellies, and bubble baths. Spermicides or contraceptive jellies, creams, or foams are possible causes of urethritis.
Urethritis is inflammation of the urethra and could be caused by bacteria or a virus. Commonly it is caused by bacteria Escherichia coli and some sexually transmitted diseases, Chlamydia, gonorrhea. Gonococcal urethritis is caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae bacteria. Gonorrhea infections are passed from person to person during sexual intercourse. The most common cause of Nongonococcal urethritis is Chlamydia trachomatis bacteria which cause the sexually transmitted disease chlamydia. Other causes of nongonococcal urethritis include Mycoplasma genitalium, Ureaplasma urealyticum, and Trichomonas vaginalis. Urethritis can be caused by viral causes which herpes simplex virus and cytomegalovirus.
Urethritis can also be caused by an injury. You should know that sexually transmitted diseases that cause urethritis can be prevented by using a condom. Treatment depends on the cause of the urethritis. Antibiotics are treatment for a bacterial infection. Antifungal drugs are used to treat fungal infections. Antiviral drug are treatment for a viral infection. During your medical evaluation, your doctor will ask about your medical history. You should describe all of your symptoms, any history of infections, what medication you are taking, if any, and whether you could be pregnant.
Men and women sexual active between the ages of 20 and 35, have the highest risk for urethritis. If you have multiple sexual partners, you should know that your risk is higher. High-risk sexual behavior (such anal sex without a condom) ipresents the highest risk for urethritis. Young women in their reproductive years are also at risk. A prior history of sexually transmitted diseases raises one’s risk of urethritis. The symptoms of urethritis include: pain or burning during urination, an urge to urinate more frequently, redness around the opening of the urethra. You should see a doctor if you start urinating more frequently, or if urination causes pain or a burning discomfort, especially if fever occurs.
You can decrease your risk with good personal hygiene and by practicing safer sexual behaviors such as monogamy and using condoms.
How can you decrease your risk factor?
If you often have an urinary tract infection and pain in the urethra you should make some lifestyle changes. You should drink plenty of fluids, especially water. If your urinary tract infection is caused by sexual intercourse, going to the bathroom right after intercourse may lessen your risk.
The most important thing you can do to prevent a urinary tract infection is to practice good hygiene. If you are a woman you should avoid wiping fecal matter into the urethral area. Wiping from front to back help prevent germs and bacteria from entering the urethral opening. You should shower or bath daily. Daily showering helps prevent the spread of germs. Drinking lots of fluids helps the bladder flush itself.
You could very easy insert bacteria along with the catheter into your urethra and bladder. If you are catheterizing yourself, it is very important that you should be very clean. Wash your hands frequently as you carry out the catheterization process. Wash the catheter in soapy water after each use and allow it to dry completely before using it again. Women should always try to urinate after sex. You should avoid irritating foods, especially spicy foods, caffeine, and alcohol.
To prevent inflammation of the urethra (urethritis), you should avoid perfumed feminine hygiene products, spermicidal jellies and foams, and bubble bath. Urethritis caused by injury is rare, and there is no way to prevent it.
You should see your doctor if you think you might have an urinary tract infection, or if you have pain in the urethra for more than one day. Such infections can lead to serious complications, bladder and kidney damage, kidney stones, and urine retention.